OS X Preguntas frecuentes

¿Cómo instalo XAMPP para Mac OS X?

Para instalar XAMPP haz lo siguiente:

  • Download the disk image (DMG image) from the Apache Friends website.
  • Double-click the image file and drag the XAMPP icon to the Applications folder.
  • Launch XAMPP by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the Applications folder.
  • Enter your system's administrator credentials when prompted.

You should see the XAMPP stack manager, as shown below:

Does XAMPP include MySQL or MariaDB?

Since XAMPP 5.5.30 and 5.6.14, XAMPP ships MariaDB instead of MySQL. The commands and tools are the same for both.

¿Cómo inicio XAMPP?

To start XAMPP:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Click the "Start" button in the "General" tab of the stack manager.
  • Once the status icon turns green, navigate to the "Services" tab and start Apache, MySQL and any other available services.
  • Navigate to the "Network" tab and enable port forwarding (port 80 of the stack to port 8080 of the host system) over SSH.
¿Cómo paro XAMPP?

To stop XAMPP, click the "Stop" button in the "General" tab of the stack manager. Once the status icon turns red, close the stack manager window.

¿Cómo compruebo que todo ha ido bien?

Verify that you have enabled port forwarding (from port 80 of the stack to port 8080 of the host system) in the "Network" tab of the stack manager and type the following URL in a web browser:

http://localhost:8080

You should see the XAMPP start page, as shown below.

¿Está XAMPP listo para producción?

XAMPP no está pensado para uso en producción, sino para entornos de desarrollo. XAMPP está configurado de forma que sea tan abierto como sea posible, permitiendo al desarrollador hacer lo que quiera. En entornos de desarrollo esto es magnífico pero en un entorno de producción puede ser fatal.

A continuación se muestra una lista de posibles fallos de seguridad en XAMPP:

  1. El administrador de MySQL (root) no tiene password.
  2. El proceso MySQL está accesible a través de la red.
  3. ProFTPD usa la contraseña "lampp" para el usuario "daemon".
To fix most of the security weaknesses:
  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Ensure that all services are running in the "Services" tab of the stack manager (or start them as needed).
  • Open a new terminal from the "General" tab of the stack manager and run the following command in it:

    /opt/lampp/lampp security

Esto iniciará una pequeña comprobación de seguridad para hacer la instalación de XAMPP segura.
Apache doesn't seem to start. What can I do?

Este error puede aparecer por múltiples razones. Apache lo muestra bajo muchas circunstancias. Para encontrar la razón exacta, tenemos que investigar:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Open a new terminal from the "General" tab of the stack manager and run the following command in it:

    tail -2 /opt/lampp/logs/error_log

Si recibes algún mensaje de error visita nuestra comunidad para obtener ayuda

¿Cómo puedo hacer mi instalación de XAMPP más segura?

En la instalación por defecto, XAMPP no tiene establecida contraseña y no es recomendable ejecutar XAMPP con esta configuración accesible por otros.To make the installation more secure:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Ensure that all services are running in the "Services" tab of the stack manager (or start them as needed).
  • Open a new terminal from the "General" tab of the stack manager and run the following command in it:

    tail -2 /opt/lampp/logs/error_log

  • You should see the following dialog on your screen. Enter responses to each prompt.

    XAMPP: Quick security check...
    XAMPP: MySQL is accessable via network.
    XAMPP: Normaly that's not recommended. Do you want me to turn it off? [yes] yes
    XAMPP: Turned off.
    XAMPP: Stopping MySQL...
    XAMPP: Starting MySQL...
    XAMPP: The MySQL/phpMyAdmin user pma has no password set!!!
    XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes
    XAMPP: Password: ******
    XAMPP: Password (again): ******
    XAMPP: Setting new MySQL pma password.
    XAMPP: Setting phpMyAdmin's pma password to the new one.
    XAMPP: MySQL has no root passwort set!!!
    XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes
    XAMPP: Write the passworde somewhere down to make sure you won't forget it!!!
    XAMPP: Password: ******
    XAMPP: Password (again): ******
    XAMPP: Setting new MySQL root password.
    XAMPP: Setting phpMyAdmin's root password to the new one.
    XAMPP: The FTP password for user 'nobody' is still set to 'lampp'.
    XAMPP: Do you want to change the password? [yes] yes
    XAMPP: Password: ******
    XAMPP: Password (again): ******
    XAMPP: Reload ProFTPD...
    XAMPP: Done.

Tras ejecutar este comando tu instalación de XAMPP debería ser más segura.

¿Cómo activo eAccelerator?

To activate eAccelerator for PHP:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Mount the /opt/lampp directory from the "Volumes" tab of the stack manager and click the "Explore" button to open the file manager.
  • Find the following lines in your /opt/lampp/etc/php.ini file:

    ;extension="eaccelerator.so"
    ;eaccelerator.shm_size="16"
    ;eaccelerator.cache_dir="/opt/lampp/tmp/eaccelerator"
    ;eaccelerator.enable="1"
    ;eaccelerator.optimizer="1"
    ;eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"
    ;eaccelerator.debug="0"
    ;eaccelerator.filter=""
    ;eaccelerator.shm_max="0"
    ;eaccelerator.shm_ttl="0"
    ;eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="0"
    ;eaccelerator.shm_only="0"
    ;eaccelerator.compress="1"
    ;eaccelerator.compress_level="9"

  • Remove the semicolon at the beginning of each line and restart XAMPP.

Ahora la extensión debería estar activada.For more information about eAccelerator, check the eAccelerator home page: http://eaccelerator.net.

¿Cómo activo la extensión OCI8/Oracle para PHP?

To activate the OCI8/Oracle extension for PHP:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Ensure that all services are running in the "Services" tab of the stack manager (or start them as needed).
  • Open a new terminal from the "General" tab of the stack manager and run the following command in it:

    /opt/lampp/lampp oci8

  • You should see the following dialog on your screen. Enter the path to the Oracle client libraries when prompted.

    Please enter the path to your Oracle or Instant Client installation:
    installing symlinks...
    patching php.ini...
    OCI8 add-on activation likely successful.
    LAMPP: Stopping Apache with SSL...
    LAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL...

Ahora la extensión debería estar activada.

How do I copy files to the Apache server document root?

To copy files from the host system to the XAMPP Apache server document root, follow these steps:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Mount the /opt/lampp directory from the "Volumes" tab of the stack manager and click the "Explore" button to open the file manager.
  • Navigate to the /opt/lampp/htdocs directory in the file manager. This directory is the XAMPP Apache server document root. Copy files to it from the host system using the file manager in the usual way.
How do I access phpMyAdmin from the host system?

To access phpMyAdmin from the host system, follow these steps:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Ensure that all services are running in the "Services" tab of the stack manager (or start them as needed).
  • Navigate to the "Network" tab and ensure that port forwarding (port 80 of the stack to port 8080 of the host system) over SSH is enabled.
  • Browse to http://localhost:8080/phpmyadmin to access phpMyAdmin.

If you see an "Access denied" error, ensure that your phpMyAdmin configuration correctly reflects your MySQL credentials.

¿Cómo habilitar el accesso a phpMyAdmin desde fuera?

In the basic configuration of XAMPP, phpMyAdmin is accessible only from the host system via a secure tunnel, at http://127.0.0.1:8080/phpmyadmin or http://localhost:8080/phpmyadmin.

IMPORTANTE: Habilitar el accesso de phpMyAdmin para usuarios externos no está recomendado para entornos de producción. Un atacante podría usar cualquier vulnerabilidad de la aplicación para ejecutar código o modificar datos.

Para habilitar el acceso remote a phpMyAdmin, sigue estos pasos:
  • Edit the /opt/lampp/etc/extra/httpd-xampp.conf file.
  • En este fichero encuentra las siguientes líneas.

    Alias /phpmyadmin "/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/" <Directory "/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin"> AllowOverride AuthConfig Require local

  • Reemplaza 'Require local' por 'Require all granted'.
  • Alias /phpmyadmin "/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/" <Directory "/opt/lampp/phpMyAdmin"> AllowOverride AuthConfig Require all granted

  • Save the file and restart the Apache service using the stack manager.
¿Cómo hago una copia de seguridad/restauro mi sistema XAMPP?

Aviso: La funcionalidad de copia de seguridad y restauración está bajo desarrollo y puede no funcionar correctamente.

You can create the backup as follows:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Ensure that all services are running in the "Services" tab of the stack manager (or start them as needed).
  • Open a new terminal from the "General" tab of the stack manager and run the following command in it:

    /opt/lampp/lampp backup

    o

    /opt/lampp/lampp backup secret

    Donde "secret" is tu contraseña de root de MySQL. Este comando generará la siguiente salida:

    Backing up databases...
    Backing up configuration, log and htdocs files...
    Calculating checksums...
    Building final backup file...
    Backup finished.
    Take care of /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/backup/xampp-backup-22-01-14.sh

    El fichero /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/backup/xampp-backup-22-01-14.sh (en el ejemplo de arriba) contiene tu copia de seguridad. Guardala en un lugar seguro.
  • Mount the /opt/lampp directory from the "Volumes" tab of the stack manager and click the "Explore" button to open the file manager.
  • Move the backup file to a safe place on the host system.

To restore the backup on a new system, you need the same version of XAMPP as on your original/source system. Follow these steps to restore the backup:

  • Launch the stack manager by double-clicking the XAMPP icon in the mounted disk image.
  • Ensure that all services are running in the "Services" tab of the stack manager (or start them as needed).
  • Mount the /opt/lampp directory from the "Volumes" tab of the stack manager and click the "Explore" button to open the file manager.
  • Copy the backup file from the host system to the mounted directory.
  • Open a new terminal from the "General" tab of the stack manager, change to the directory containing the backup file and run the following command (change the file name in the command to reflect the actual backup file name):

    ./xampp-backup-22-01-14.sh

    Deberías ver algo así:

    Checking integrity of files... Restoring configuration, log and htdocs files... Checking versions... Installed: XAMPP 1.4.2 Backup from: XAMPP 1.4.2 Restoring MySQL databases... Restoring MySQL user databases... Backup complete. Have fun! You may need to restart XAMPP to complete the restore